GARNET Infrastructure

The diagram up shows that Ghana and Africa in general, has been left out of the global research and education network.  It is GARNET primary objective to enhance the mechanisms for improving the delivery of educational resources and creating more opportunities for innovation among our students, faculty and staff in all tertiary educational institutions in Ghana by augmenting Internet access for all.

It is anticipated that the formation of GARNET will serve as a catalyst to speed up the formation of NREN’s within the region and thus provide the platform needed to accelerate the interconnection with other Regional and Continental Networks.

Proposed Logical Connectivity of Universities Network
The fundamental design of the network design is to leverage on the existing fibre networks in the country to create a Multi Provider, Multi MPLS network. The Government of Ghana liberalized the laying of fiber within the country as such virtually every tertiary institution can be accessed by one or more of the six telecommunication companies in Ghana.

Since the Institutions are to be able to integrate on the any of the fibre backbone network or privately owned fiber which is not solely for Education, then, the most cost effective way to achieve this integration is by using IP MPLS backbone to support such a design. 

The rationale behind this design is to ensure that GARNET has a highly redundant and scalable network design.  The implementation of the network plan would be achieved by working with various public and private communication companies. It is also assumed that every University would be eventually connected to the one (but eventually two) core routers, and the logical connectivity would be as above.

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